Chumash Sacred Sites within the California Central Coast
The Sanctuary will protect now submerged Chumash Sacred sites ranging from villages to solstice alignments 6 to 13 miles offshore. Chumash records suggest occupation of the central coast area for 20,000 years with two recorded dates of:
- 18,000 years at Point Conception, an extremely important Chumash Sacred Place
- 14,500 years on the Channel Islands
North of Point Conception, Jalama is a Sacred Chumash village site. Other significant Chumash sites associated with the ocean ecology are found along the adjacent coastal terrain north to Point Sal including two 10,000 year-old sites within Vandenberg AFB.
Onshore San Luis Bay there are four major Chumash Sacred sites – three known to have been occupied for 9,000 years:
- The site for which the City of Pismo Beach is named.
- The site where the Chumash people return to renew the Traditional Ritual Ceremony Cycle
- The old Chumash Capital in the area of Avila Beach, now partially covered by sea level rise
- The Chumash Sacred site at Diablo Cove along the coastline of the Pecho Coast
Continuing north are the Chumash Village Sacred sites:
- In Los Osos.
- Hundreds of Chumash Sacred sites ringing Morro Bay.
- The Chumash village Sacred site of Cayucos (continuously occupied for 8,000 years),
- Large sites found in the area to a mile north of Pt. Estero, and
- Two Chumash village Sacred sites in Cambria (continuously occupied for 10,000 years).